Check what you know

Did you know?

Best practice tips

Did you know?

  • Driving without the correct entitlement to drive may result in a driver being issued with 3-6 penalty points and a fine of up to £1,000.
  • Penalty points are not displayed on the driving licence photocard.
  • Drivers who receive 12 penalty points or more can be disqualified from driving for up to 3 years.
  • Drivers can have their licence revoked (withdrawn), if they build up 6 or more penalty points within 2 years of passing their driving test.

 
Driving licence categories explain what vehicles a driver can drive. Each category of vehicle is represented by a letter or a letter and a number. In total, there are 26 driving licence categories. They can be found on the back of the driving licence.
Driving licence information/restriction codes, also found on the back of the driving licence specify what conditions must be met to drive a vehicle. There are around 50 driving licence codes.

Best practice tips

  • Always keep your driving licence safe and whenever possible, carry it with you when driving.
  • Know your driving licence number.
  • Know what categories of vehicles you are entitled to drive.
  • Know what endorsements and penalty points are on your driving licence.
  • Drivers with a photocard driving licence can view their driving licence record and details of penalty points and the time remaining until they expire, online at www.gov.uk at any time.


If a driver passed their test before the 1st of January 1997, they are usually permitted to drive a vehicle and trailer combination up to 8,250kg Maximum authorised mass (MAM).

If a driver passed their test on or after 1 January 1997, they are permitted to drive vehicles up to 3,500kg MAM with up to eight passenger seats, and tow a trailer of up to 750kg.

Where an offence has been committed, a penalty code will stay on the driving licence record for a number of years depending on the seriousness and circumstances. Generally, the length of time they stay on the licence record ranges between 4 and 11 years. Penalty points will be removed automatically once the period has expired.

This information sheet is free for employers to download and distribute to their drivers.
It may not be amended in any way | Copyright 2021 National Highways.